I know that multiple SEs have a 'penalty box' is that also true for this SE? If so, do you lose all of your rep when you are put in it?
You can find more information in "A Day in the Penalty Box" from the Stackoverflow Blog.
The relevant part in terms of what actually happens:
Depending on the severity of the problem behavior — and at the complete discretion of the moderator — your account will be placed in timed suspension for anywhere from 1 to 365 days. That means:
- Your account will be locked at 1 reputation.
- Your user page will have a visual indication that you are in timed suspension, and for how long.
- You will be unable to vote, ask, answer, or comment.
At the end of this timed suspension period, your reputation will be recalculated, and your account will resume as normal. We don’t hold grudges. The point of all this is to address the behavior. If the behavior improves, you are welcome back.
There is a penalty box for all StackExchange sites. EL&U is no exception.